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Cardio thoracic surgery is a medical field which involves the surgical treatment in the thorax. It includes heart, lungs, esophagus and other organs in the chest

Cardiothoracic surgery services include

Closed and open heart surgeries

When a person is diagnosed with heart disease then he is advised for a surgery which may be open or closed heart surgery that may depend on the complication.

A closed heart surgery is an invasive method in which the heart is not opened directly and no heart-lung bypass machine is required. This reduces the chances of complication and it is the first step to any further procedures that deals with the heart.

Closed heart surgeries are performed by opening the chest in front or through ribs. This surgery deals with arteries which carry blood from and to the heart rather than dealing with the chambers itself. Palliative heart surgeries are often performed on young children which is carried out in different stages. Some examples of closed heart surgeries are ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, repair of coarctation of the aorta, and the placement of pulmonary artery bands and Blalock-Taussig shunts

Every surgery is done by anesthetizing the patients and post surgical care such as regular monitoring of patients by keeping them in ICU, providing intravenous medication to combat pain if any and checking heart beat and blood pressure at regular intervals.

Open heart surgery is highly invasive as the name suggests. It involves opening of chest and heart to operate on its chambers, muscles, arteries. One of the most carried out open heart surgery is coronary artery bypass grafting. It involves grafting of a healthy artery or vein to carry blood that becomes impossible with the blocked artery. Hence the newly attached artery brings fresh blood bypassing the old blocked one.

Now a days open heart surgery has become a traditional method because of the advancement in this protocol. It involves just a small cut or incision which is unlike the traditional method of wide opening. Open heart surgery is carried out with a help of  heart-lung machine.

Open heart surgeries are usually adopted for the following

  • Coronary heart disease which occurs due to narrowing and hardening of blood vessels that provides blood and oxygen to the heart.
  • In replacement or repair of heart valves through which blood flows from one chamber to another

Replaced damaged heart with donated heart

Beating heart surgery
Valve repair and replacement
Repair of complex congenital heart defects