The main aim of this operation is to close perforation of ear drum. Perforation is considered as a hole in the ear drum which may lead to severe ear infection and impair it. Usually it gets rid of itself automatically but not so in many cases. There are number of ways to clear hole, all it depends on size of and hole and the anatomy of the ear.
Tympanoplasty is a surgical technique which deals with the tympanic membrane of the ear. This method is adopted not only to close the perforation in the region but also in some cases to lift the tympanic membrane from its position in the ear canal to improve the hearing capacity and improve the functioning of the middle ear. This surgery is carried out in inner ear alone and no manipulation to middle ear bone is done. Lateral and medical grafting techniques are also adopted in this process
Mastoidectomy is done to remove the infected mastoide air cells that gets accumulated in the hollow space of the skull behind the ear. This may cause a great damage to the ear. The diseased cell proliferates into the skull, also into the temporal bones which may lead to removal of the bones.
The types of mastoidectomy performed are simple mastoidectomy, radical mastoidectomy and modified radical mastoidectomy.
Radical Mastoidectomy is less severe when compared to other two methods. Not all the middle ear bones are removed in this process and the ear drum is rebuilt.
Stapedectomy is a microsurgical process in which the innermost bone of the middle ear is completely removed and replaced by a small plastic tube to improve the movement hearing into this region
Stapedectomy is not done through incision. The surgeon directly does it through the ear canal by folding the ear drum forward. This entire process is done through operating microscope to have clear insights of the infection.
Myringotomy is a surgical procedure in which a small incision is made in the tympanic membrane of the middle ear in the anteroinferior quadrant and posteroinferior quadrant to drain out fluid from the middle ear. Ear tubes made of plastic or metals are inserted through ear drums which may fall automatically or can be removed by doctor in later stage
For discharging ears, we perform mastoidectomy where in we remove all accessible mastoid air cells clear active infection, the procedure is usually combined with MYRINGOPLASTY
A pre-auricular sinus is a blind track of sinus formed in the front of the ear. In most cases it is congenital whose origin may be traced due to imperfect fusion of some of the elements that form the ear pinna. This is usually symptomless but in some cases formation of abscess becomes the symptoms for pre-aricular sinus. It also predisposes to ulser formation in front of the ear.
A split or torn ear lobe is one of the most common problems of the ear. This may happen due to prolonged usage of heavy ear rings. It causes distress to patients who love wearing era ring. Hence ear lobe repair is an optimum rectification for this by which the original ear lobe can be restored.
Post Aural Fistula Closure
Post aural fistula closure is a procedure that follows chronic ear disease or an ear surgery. The traditional skin to skin closure is unsafe because of necrotic skin edges which may result to a larger fistula. Hence this method is adopted to avoid future post closure problems.
Intra tympanic injection is usually injecting steroids into the inner ear as a remedy to sudden loss in hearing. At first topical phenol anesthesia is applied to the ear drum and the white area is anesthetized. The needle passes through the ear drum to inject the steroid inside. The patient is advised to keep the ear turned up for at least 30 minutes so that steroid remains inside as long as it can.
(D/L SCOPY) Direct Laryngoscopy: For diagnosis and biopsy of malignant tumors.
Tracheostomy: Emergency / Elective surgery done to relative breathing difficulty due to obstruction above trachea.
Is an advanced technology that uses gentle radio frequency energy with a salt solution to ablate tissues.
1. EAR ACHE – Ear Pain
2. EAR DISCHARGE – Fluid / Water from ear
3. HARD OF HEARING – Decreased hearing sensation
4. TINNITUS – Ringing sensation in ear
5. VERTIGO – Giddiness, feeling of rotation of ones self / surrounding
6. SUDDEN HEARING LOSS
1. HEAD ACHE – Due to sinusitis, migraine
2. NASAL BLOCK
3. EPISTAXIS – Bleeding from nose
5. MOUTH BREATHING: It can be perceived by Dryness of throat. Here the patient opens mouth to breathe while bleeding.
6. THROAT DRYNESS
7. POST NASAL DRIP: Phlegm coming behind the nose to the throat.
8. HYPOSMIA / ANOSMIA: Decreased / Complete absence of sense of smell.
1. THROAT PAIN
2. DYSPHANGIA: Difficulty while swallowing
3. ODYNO PHAGIA: Pain while swallowing
4. DRY COUGH
5. VOICE CHANGES
Sleep related symptoms
3. GENERALISED FATIGUE / MYALGIA
4. NIGHT TERRORS
5. BED NETTING: Secondary Enuresis
7. GASTRIC DISCOMFORT
1. OTO ENDOSCOPY
2. DIAGNOSTIC NASAL ENDOSCOPY (DNE)
3. VIDEO LARYNGOSOPY (VLE)